Find out about antioxidants, ingredient for all anti-ageing products

By Skin & Hair Academy  |   November 24, 2015

Skin aging is a biological process influenced by genetics, metabolic processes, cellular metabolism and hormones. It is also influenced by certain external factors, such as pollution, chemicals, toxins and hormones. Skin aging is usually characterised by setting in of discolouration, dullness, deep wrinkles and roughness.

Although skin aging cannot be prevented, daily skin care can go a long way in enhancing elasticity, regeneration and smoothness of skin. And, antioxidants, play a huge role in that quest. To know how antioxidants can help improve your skin health and aesthetics, read on:

 

Benefits of Topical Use

Simply put, antioxidants stop production of free radicals: As you age, free radicals start forming in your body, which are almost directly linked to signs of aging on your skin. These molecules are highly reactive, and contain unpaired electrons that are responsible for damaging lipids, DNA, proteins and cellular structural membranes of your body.

As their formation increases with age, your skin starts aging rapidly, and you start looking older all of a sudden. Antioxidants present in certain cosmetic products are capable of stopping the production of these free radicals, thus preventing aging, and in some cases, even reversing its effects. [1]

Antioxidants prevent formation of ROS: Pollutants, UV light and microbes are some external aggressors our skin gets exposed to. Exposure to these aggressors causes an inflammatory response, leading to the generation of reactive oxygen species or ROS. The skin aging process starts when the ROS begin to accumulate.

Enzymes like SOD are our body’s natural antioxidants that neutralize the ROS, but external aggressors can overwhelm them and accelerate the aging process of the skin. Topical application of cosmetic products containing antioxidants can prevent the formation of ROS, thereby halting the aging process, and improving your skin condition. [2]

Which Antioxidants to Look for in Cosmetic Products

Antioxidants are made up of minerals and vitamins that counter the mechanism of these molecules. Here’d an antioxidant list that contains what you should look for while choosing anti-aging cosmetic products include:

  • Vitamin A (retinol)
  • Vitamin C
  • Alpha lipoic acid
  • Polyphenols
  • Curcumin
  • Coenzyme Q10
  • Turmeric
  • Isoflavones
  • Zinc
  • Glutathione
  • Rosemary
  • Selenium

How antioxidants work in cosmetic products

Cosmetic products contain fats, oils and fragrances, which auto-oxidate with exposure to air, thus degrading with time. Antioxidants are added to these products to keep them preserved and to increase their shelf life. In addition to that, antioxidants are highly effective in fighting the aging process, and also in preventing skin cancer. Antioxidants penetrate deep into the skin layers, enabling the living cells to renew and repair themselves. As a result, your skin ends up looking and feeling younger than before. [3]

Antioxidants in food

Incorporating antioxidants in your daily diet can be highly effective in helping you gain a healthy, youthful, smooth and even-toned skin. Foods high in antioxidants comprise of fruits (cranberries, blackberries, blueberries, strawberries, peaches, mangoes), cloves, walnuts, small red beans, grains, nuts, fish and poultry, including lycopene, lutein, beta carotene, selenium, and antioxidant vitamins A, C and E. They all play a very important role in preventing free radical damage, and help repair the damage done to your skin.

So, if you want younger looking, smoother, even-toned skin, use anti-aging cosmetic products that contain natural antioxidants. They work by preventing free radical damage in your body, thus improving your skin condition, and also preventing a number of health-related problems.

References:

[1]. Antioxidants used in skin care formulations. - PubMed - NCBI . 2015. Antioxidants used in skin care formulations. - PubMed - NCBI . [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18839043#. [Accessed 18 November 2015].

[2]. Studies on free radicals, antioxidants, and co-factors. 2015. Studies on free radicals, antioxidants, and co-factors. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2684512/. [Accessed 18 November 2015].

[3]. Skin anti-aging strategies. 2015. Skin anti-aging strategies. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3583892/. [Accessed 18 November 2015].


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(5) Comments

User

V. nice and useful article.

reply   08 February, 2016

jjayakumar@glenmarkpharma.com

We appreciate your feedback madhuri! kindly bookmark the site & subscribe to our newsletters to get frequent update about skin & hair.

reply   08 February, 2016

User

Gud artical

reply   24 February, 2016

User

Kindly suggest me best suited anti ageing day & night cream for sensitive skin .my skin is probably t-shaped.

reply   04 March, 2016

chada.ananya@gmail.com

Shikha, it is of utmost importance to pick a cream that works with your skin type. night is also the best to get greasy without worrying about dirt and dust. if you have uneven skin tone, fine lines or wrinkles, you can choose products meant to help these skin issues. if you have recurring skin issues, you should seek expert's advice to select a right night cream for yourself.

reply   04 March, 2016
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