#RewardYourself

Causes and Treatment Options for itchy skin problems also known as Pruritus

Back Back

Causes and Treatment Options for itchy skin problems also known as Pruritus

By Skin & Hair Academy  |   August 21, 2015
 840   •     •     •    19   • 
blog-consultant

Isha Agrawal

- Skin & Hair Care Consultant

itchy-skin-problems

Itchy skin (Pruritus) is an uncomfortable, irritating sensation that makes you want to scratch. It is the most frequent symptom in dermatology. With point prevalence of 13.5%, Itchy skin (Pruritus) has substantial impact on quality of life and emotional well-being.

 
Itchy skin may appear as
 
normal
redness
bump
dry-cracked
 
Possible causes of itchy skin include:

Dry skin - causes of itchy skin

Dry skin due to environmental factors such as hot or cold weather with low humidity and washing or bathing too much

Internal diseases - causes of itchy skin

Internal diseases including kidney failure, iron deficiency anemia, thyroid problems and cancers

Internal diseases - causes of itchy skin

Nerve disorders such as multiple sclerosis, pinched nerves and shingles (herpes zoster)

Nerve disorders - causes of itchy skin

Reactions to drugs, such as antibiotics, antifungal drugs or narcotic pain medications

Reactions to drugs - causes of itchy skin

During pregnancy, some women experience itchy skin, especially on the abdomen, thighs, breasts and arms.

Pregnancy - causes of itchy skin

Dry skin due to environmental factors such as hot or cold weather with low humidity and washing or bathing too much

 
Itchy Skin: Manifestations
manifestations
Medications and skin healing
  • Corticosteroid creams. Applied topically, their usefulness is limited to short-term treatment as they can cause adverse effects, such as telangiectasia, atrophy, and striae if used long term.
  • Calcineurin inhibitors. Drugs, such as tacrolimus (Protopic) and pimecrolimus (Elidel) in cases when itchy area isn’t large.
  • Oral antihistamines. Includes over-the-counter drugs cetirizine and loratadine (that don’t make you sleepy), and diphenhydramine that make your sleepy.
  • Antidepressants. Selective serotonin-reuptake inhibitors, such as fluoxetine and sertraline, may help reduce various types of skin itching.

When to see a doctor

  • Lasts more than two weeks and doesn’t improve with self-care measures
  • Is severe and distracts you from your daily routines or prevents you from sleeping
  • Can’t be easily explained
  • Affects your whole body
  • Is accompanied by other symptoms, such as extreme tiredness, weight loss, changes in bowel habits or urinary frequency, fever, or redness of the skin
loading articles...
Up White Arrow