Find out the prevention and cure for Skin Cancer caused due to uv rays

By Skin & Hair Academy  |   September 25, 2015

Believed to result from exposure to ultraviolet radiation, skin cancer is an unusual, rapid growth of human skin cells.

The main types of skin cancer [1] include

  1. Squamous-cell cancer: Formation of thin, flat cells at the top layer of the epidermis.
  2. Basal-cell cancer: Formation of round cells beneath squamous cells.
  3. Melanoma: The most common type of skin cancer, melanoma is unnatural growth of skin cells caused due to ultraviolet exposure.
 
Risk Factors for Melanoma [2]

Too much exposure to ultraviolet rays

Age over 40

 

Family history of melanoma

Fair Skin

 

Smoking

Medical conditions affecting the immune system

 
Symptoms of Melanoma [3]
1
A mole that looks scaly or bleeds
2
A new dark mole-like spot which grows fast
3
Bruise on the foot that does not heal
4
A new spot on skin which causes pain, itching or bleeding
5
Mole with changing colours, changing shape and growing in size
 
Curing Skin Cancer [4]

Surgery: The primary treatment of all stages, surgery is aimed at removing the tumor.

Chemotherapy: This therapy is used to either kill the cancer cells or to stop them from dividing through the use of drugs.

Radiation therapy: It is the use of high-energy x-rays and radiation to kill cancer cells or stop them from growing.

Biologic therapy: In this therapy, the patient’s immune system is used to fight cancer. Substances from the body are developed in a laboratory to boost, or restore natural defenses of the body to fight vcancer.

Targeted therapy: In this therapy, drugs or other substances are used to attack cancer cells.

References

[1]. http://www.cancer.gov/types/skin/patient/skin-treatment-pdq

[2]. http://umm.edu/health/medical/reports/articles/melanoma-and-other-skin-cancers

[3]. https://www.aad.org/dermatology-a-to-z/diseases-and-treatments/q---t/skin-cancer/signs-symptoms

[4]. http://www.cancer.gov/types/skin/patient/melanoma-treatment-pdq#section/_135

 


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