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Botulinum Toxin or Botox is not just meant for cosmetics. Find out more

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Botulinum Toxin or Botox is not just meant for cosmetics. Find out more

By Skin & Hair Academy  |   October 15, 2015
 447   •     •     •    2   • 

Botox

Botox is the brand name for Botulinum Toxin (BT) which is produced by the bacterium, Clostridium Botulinum.[1] It has been used to correct facial creases and wrinkles.

How does Botox Work?

1
Normally, brain transmits messages through nerves (by a substance called Acetylcholine) to the muscles thereby allowing them to contract and move.
2
BT blocks the release of acetylcholine which prevents contraction in the injected muscle, thereby causing the wrinkle to relax and soften.
 
How many botox units do you need?
 

Risk Factors [2]

Swelling or bruising at the site of injecting

Headache

Excessive tearing or dry eye, drooping eyelids, cockeyed eyebrows if injected around the eye

 
 
 
 
Botox Procedure [3]

It takes only a few minutes to carry out the procedure; anaesthesia is usually not required.

Botox is injected into the targeted (affected) muscle using a fine needle.

 

Full effect can be seen in 3—5 days

The effect lasts for 4—6 months

 
Other rare side effects or risks are:
  • Muscle weakness on the entire body
  • Difficulties in swallowing or speaking
  • Difficulties in vision
  • Difficulties in breathing
  • No bladder control
 

References

[1]. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2856357/

[2]. http://www.mayoclinic.org/tests-procedures/botox/basics/risks/prc-20009036

[3]. http://my.clevelandclinic.org/services/neurological_institute/mellen-center-multiple-sclerosis/treatment-services/hic-treating-multiple-sclerosis-with-botox

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