The role of moisturizers in treating dermatitis
Atopic dermatitis is commonly referred to as eczema. It is a condition that results in inflammation of the skin and causes itchiness, cracking and roughness.
For especially aggressive cases of eczema, stronger remedies like topical medications may have to be utilized. However, most cases of eczema are usually mild and can be managed with appropriate treatment and moisturisers.
In this blog, we'll explain how to use moisturisers for dermatitis, along with some other tips and tricks to help manage the condition. But first, let's understand what causes atopic dermatitis.
Understanding Atopic Dermatitis And Its Causes
Atopic dermatitis or eczema is quite common among infants and children. Depending on one’s age, it shows different symptoms such as dry skin, flaking, itchy patches, rashes, and blisters that are sometimes filled with a fluid-like substance.
Eczema can persist for long periods, and its symptoms can return due to other skin conditions or triggers such as pollution, fragrances, and food items such as dairy and nuts.
Eczema is usually genetic but is also caused due to multifarious environmental factors. Some of these factors include:
- Irritants such as toiletries that contain fragrances, soaps, washing powder, alcohol, and germicides
- The presence of microbes and viruses, allergens such as pollen, dust, mites, pet hair, and fungus
- Not maintaining proper hygiene habits such as not showering after exercising and sweating
- Hormonal changes during a menstrual cycle
The Dangers Of Dry Skin For Dermatitis
When it comes to treating atopic dermatitis, dry skin and environments can prove to be deleterious for your skin.
Dry skin can worsen symptoms of atopic dermatitis. It not only increases the presence of cracked, sore, and flaky skin but also causes itchiness. This can make you subconsciously scratch on the affected skin, further worsening the condition.
Hence, it is important to keep skin moisturized at all times. Using a humidifier to help alleviate the effects of a dry environment on your skin also helps.
Using a moisturiser helps lock in the skin’s existing moisture, thereby preventing the development of severe atopic dermatitis.
Which moisturiser Should You Use?
There are many moisturisers that help relieve symptoms of eczema, but most of them can be listed into three categories depending on their oil content: ointments, creams, and lotions.
As a rule of thumb, the more oil content present in the moisturisers, the more your skin stays protected against dry and inflamed skin.
Generally, ointments have the highest oil content which creates a barrier for skin and keeps it moisturized for a long time. However, due to the high amount of oil present in them, ointments tend to have a thick and greasy consistency.
Ointments are preferable in extremely dry areas or colder environments. Due to them being heavy, people staying in hot and humid areas do not prefer ointments for treating their dermatitis condition.
Creams are also helpful in relieving symptoms of atopic dermatitis. As compared to ointments, creams contain slightly less amount of oil. Creams also work similar to that of ointments and help in locking in the skin's moisture, thus relieving symptoms such as dry and itchy skin.
If you do not prefer the greasy and heavy texture of ointments or reside in a hot and humid environment, consider applying cream instead.
Compared to ointments and creams, lotions contain the least amount of oil. Lotions are water-based moisturisers and contain very little oil. Due to their low oil content, lotions are not the most feasible option if for alleviating atopic dermatitis.
If you have eczema and use lotions, your skin will not get the moisture it needs and dry out quickly, leading to inflamed and itchy skin.
How to Relieve Eczema With Moisturiser
Here's a guide on how and when to use moisturiser for dermatitis:
- Try to apply moisturiser within three minutes of taking a shower. If moisturiser is not applied soon after a bath, your skin will dry out very soon and start to become flaky and itchy.
- Whenever your skin starts to feel dry, itchy, or inflamed again, reapply a layer of moisturiser. Make sure your hands are clean to avoid infection.
- While applying moisturiser to the affected areas, apply a moderately thick layer in a downward direction. There is no need to massage the moisturiser into the skin as it will get absorbed eventually.
It is best to seek a dermatologist’s advice before choosing the right moisturiser to relieve symptoms of atopic dermatitis. However, as a rule of thumb, always read the ingredients list and rule out moisturisers that contain irritants such as fragrances, perfumes, dyes, etc., as they can aggravate itchiness and dryness.
How To Treat Eczema
Eczema conditions such as atopic dermatitis can be a continuing or a relapsing problem for many. Eczema is very common in infants and children and usually gets better with age, with symptoms going away by the time adolescence kicks in.
Treatment is not always successful, and symptoms can reoccur. However, you can manage mild eczema with the following skin care tips:
Barrier Repair Moisturisers
As mentioned earlier, moisturisers go a long way in controlling and alleviating multiple symptoms of atopic dermatitis. If you're wondering how to treat eczema, consider using a barrier repair moisturiser for inflamed, sensitive skin.
Barrier repair moisturisers usually come in the form of ointments. They protect sensitive skin for longer periods of time against environmental stressors that harm the skin’s natural barrier, leading to loss of moisture.
Depending on the severity of eczema, your doctor may even prescribe antibiotic medications. These include oral and topical medicines.
Scratching on itchy skin which is already affected may lead to cracked, highly inflamed, and sore skin. This could result in an infection, thereby requiring antibiotic creams and pills to treat it.
Foods to Avoid During Eczema
If you’re suffering from eczema, then it is best to avoid eating the following food items:
- Gluten-rich food
- Soy and soy products
- Citrus fruits
- Certain spices such as clove and cinnamon
- Any food items that could trigger an allergic reaction
Instead, opt for food items rich in anti-inflammatory properties, omega-3 fatty acids, and probiotics to treat the symptoms of eczema.
If you notice patches of dry and inflamed skin on your body, there’s a good chance you have eczema or atopic dermatitis. This skin condition is usually mild and can be easily controlled if the dryness is treated.
Using a good moisturiser is the best way to keep dry, itchy, and flaky skin at bay. However, to combat the symptoms of dermatitis, it is equally important to pick a moisturiser that perfectly suits your skin.