6 Major Reasons of Hair Loss and how to keep your hair growing | Skin and Hair Academy

By Skin & Hair Academy  |   July 31, 2015

Hair fall is not just a cosmetic condition but a psychologically distressing problem as well. Fifty-eight percent of the male population aged 30-50 years suffers from Androgenetic Alopecia, the most common type of hair loss caused due to genetic factors. [1]

While losing 90-100 strands of hair a day is normal [2], losing more than this means your hair needs immediate attention.

 

Here are 6 reasons why you may be experiencing hair fall:

 

  • 1. Age

    Hair loss has a direct relation with aging. As you grow older the rate of hair growth decreases accompanied by hair thinning and pigment reduction. [3]

    This change is observed as people start attaining the age of 30-35. The hair weakens, as the pigment fades, making the hair look grey or white. Also, the follicles stop growing newer strands of hair.

    Age-specific prevalence of hair loss [4]:

    • 18—29 years: 16%
    • 40—49 years: 53%

  • 2. Genes

    Androgenetic Alopecia: Androgenetic Alopecia (commonly known as male pattern hair loss) is gene-related hair loss, which affects fifty-eight percent of the Indian male population aged 30-50 years [1]. Genes also contribute to the greying of hair. Also, reduction in the thickness of the hair is dependent on genes

 

 

 

  • 3. Medical Conditions
  • Some medical conditions may also be responsible for hair loss. Here are some diseases that can cause hair loss:

     

    Hypothyroidism: Hypothyroidism is known to be associated with diffuse hair loss [5], the underlying cause being the deficiency of zinc, which is also a standalone factor responsible for hair loss.

    Skin diseases/infections: Different scalp diseases and infections including scalp pruritus (sensitive or itchy scalp) [6] and scalp lesions [7] have also been found to be associated with hair loss.

    Diabetes: People living with diabetes report itching and hair loss in the long term. [8]

  • 4. Deficiency of micronutrients:

    Deficiency of essential micronutrients such as proteins, vitamins, zinc, fatty acids and iron can be an underlying cause of hair loss. [9] [10]

    For healthy hair growth, one must maintain a healthy diet consisting of protein-rich foods such as fish and eggs, vitamin-rich foods such as green leafy vegetables and carrots and dry fruits such as walnuts. Some calories are also necessary but not through food containing a lot of fat. Also, each of this should not be consumed in excess but in regulated amounts.

  • 5. Stress

    Stress, as suggested by many studies, has been implicated as one of the causes of conditions associated with hair loss including telogen effluvium and androgenetic alopecia. As studies found, stress leads to the stimulation of growth-inhibitory catagen-inducing and hair-damaging pro-inflammatory effects. [11]

    Leading a happy and stress free life is your best insurance against hair fall. Studies say that stress that causes one to lose sleep, or a change in diet affects hormones influencing hair colour and growth. As a result, an increase in hair fall and greying of hair occurs.

  • 6. Lifestyle-related factors

    Researchers have linked different lifestyle-related factors with the prevalence of hair loss. Listed here are some of them: [12]

    • Long sleep duration
    • High levels of stress
    • Positive smoking history
    • Lack of exercise
    • Hypertension

These are some of the major reasons for hair fall, and awareness helps you deal with it better. You can look after your hair well by giving it five extra minutes of care every day.

References:

[1]. Male Androgenetic Alopecia: Population-Based Study in 1,005 Subjects. 2015. Male Androgenetic Alopecia: Population-Based Study in 1,005 Subjects. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2938575/. [Accessed 01 October 2015].
[2]. Hair Evaluation Methods: Merits and Demerits. 2015. Hair Evaluation Methods: Merits and Demerits. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2938572/. [Accessed 01 October 2015].
[3]. Aging changes in hair and nails , University of Maryland Medical Center. 2015. Aging changes in hair and nails , University of Maryland Medical Center. [ONLINE] Available at: http://umm.edu/health/medical/ency/articles/aging-changes-in-hair-and-nails. [Accessed 01 October 2015].
[4]. Prevalence of male pattern hair loss in 18-49 year old men. - PubMed - NCBI . 2015. Prevalence of male pattern hair loss in 18-49 year old men. - PubMed - NCBI . [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9865198. [Accessed 01 October 2015].
[5]. Zinc Deficiency Associated with Hypothyroidism: An Overlooked Cause of Severe Alopecia. 2015. Zinc Deficiency Associated with Hypothyroidism: An Overlooked Cause of Severe Alopecia. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3746228/. [Accessed 01 October 2015].
[6]. The Itchy scalp - scratching for an explanation. 2015. The Itchy scalp - scratching for an explanation. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3233984/. [Accessed 01 October 2015].
[7]. Scalp lesions and hair loss. 2015. Scalp lesions and hair loss. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2760174/. [Accessed 01 October 2015].
[8]. Diabetes , University of Maryland Medical Center. 2015. Diabetes , University of Maryland Medical Center. [ONLINE] Available at: http://umm.edu/health/medical/altmed/condition/diabetes. [Accessed 01 October 2015].
[9]. Hair loss in long-term or home parenteral nutrition: are micronutrient deficiencies to blame? - PubMed - NCBI . 2015. Hair loss in long-term or home parenteral nutrition: are micronutrient deficiencies to blame? - PubMed - NCBI . [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20823774. [Accessed 01 October 2015].
[10]. Alopecia: Possible Causes and Treatments, Particularly in Captive Nonhuman Primates. 2015. Alopecia: Possible Causes and Treatments, Particularly in Captive Nonhuman Primates. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2703143/. [Accessed 01 October 2015].
[11]. Burden of hair loss: stress and the underestimated psychosocial impact of telogen effluvium and androgenetic alopecia. - PubMed - NCBI . 2015. Burden of hair loss: stress and the underestimated psychosocial impact of telogen effluvium and androgenetic alopecia. - PubMed - NCBI . [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15304082. [Accessed 01 October 2015].
[12]. The contribution of endogenous and exogenous factors to female alopecia: a study of identical twins. - PubMed - NCBI . 2015. The contribution of endogenous and exogenous factors to female alopecia: a study of identical twins. - PubMed - NCBI . [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22878477. [Accessed 01 October 2015].


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(9) Comments

User

I am 18 year old i have skin problem and infection both i am using medicine 💊 for this , my hair is failing very fast way i have also a skalp problem ,i want to protect my hair i need your help please if you have a tested solution than suggest me .thanking you

reply   09 January, 2016

chada.ananya@gmail.com

Hi, skin problem accompanied by scalp issues is a sign of medical condition. we advise you to see a dermatologist to get it addressed.

reply   09 January, 2016

Torn

Thank you so much for this artceli, it saved me time!

reply   09 January, 2016

User

I am 21 year old my hair loss is very fastly and my what i can do thankyou

reply   12 January, 2016

User

I am 22 year old i am suffered from hair fall .can u help me.how can stopped the hair falling. please help me .what type of dite and excersise

reply   09 February, 2016

User

Hi i m 24 i m losing my hair very quick can u suggest me diet nd wat r the homemade remides to get the lost hair back please help

reply   24 February, 2016

Subhalakshmi

I have lost my hair. in the right side of my head there are only a few hairs. i thought i will totally loss my hair from that side. so , i want to know how can i protect my hair . i want to know about natural hair care tips. please help me. i have dry hair. my age is 22.

reply   21 September, 2016

Prithpal

Good afternoon mam, 2 years back, i had a lot of dandruff which used to form scabs on my scalp due which i have lost lot of hair.currently the scabs don't occur much but the small particles of dandruff are still there. nowadays the dandruff has started spreading to my eyebrows, beard, ears a bit and mam whenever i eat any food containing even a small amount of chilly then itching starts on my scalp, this same happens under scorching sun also. so please mam, kindly help me out of this problem.

reply   30 January, 2017

Sailee khorjuvekar

Hii i m 19 year old....from last one month my hair fall number is increasing day by day....what can i do for that., please suggest something

reply   02 February, 2017
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